Right now, my living room features ghost-shaped flashing string lights, a daybed with Halloween-themed throw pillows, and about 7 pumpkin and/ or oddly-shaped squash directions. The first week of October, I made my roommate decorate a light-up Halloween tree, which arguably isn’t even a thing. And I’m currently wearing Nightmare Before Christmas socks. So I can tell you that we (OK, so it’s mostly me) absolutely love holidays in this house.
Because of this, one of my favorite ways to incorporate assistive technology into the lives of young children and their families is by helping children to participate in their own family holiday celebrations and traditions. Many times, families experience stress about how their own traditions with their extended families, friends, and/ or communities will be experienced by their child with disabilities. In general, while in some areas of AT we obviously want to stress skill acquisition, in terms of holiday celebrations my primary focus is just on making sure that the child with the disability is an active participant, just like the rest of the family, and is able to make meaningful memories and build social connections during these family traditions.
Since it’s October, I’m going to be focusing on Halloween-related examples in today’s post, but check back in in a couple of months for some winter Holiday themed editions! 🙂
Halloween Stories: Listening to and telling stories has always been a huge part of the Halloween experience for me. While toddlers and preschoolers aren’t going to be ready for classic “ghost stories,” there are a number of Halloween-themed board books and audiobooks designed for young children. Below are some ideas for adapting Halloween story-reading activities for children with disabilities.
Adapted Board Books: One toddler I worked with was a huge fan of the “Halloween Jack” book by Roger Priddy, which features a series of rhyming lines about various “spooky” characters (e.g., witch, robot, vampire). Several of the popular toddler/ preschool board book series, including Pete the Cat, Little Blue Truck, and Llama Llama, also offer Halloween editions. Board books and other picture books can be adapted using page fluffers, spacers, or turners, which are objects that are attached to the pages to help separate them/ make them easier to turn for children with disabilities. I usually do this by attaching Velcro to the corners of the pages, but there are a variety of strategies you can try. Carole Zangari’s Page Fluffers and Spacers post on PrAACtical AAC offers some great alternative suggestions; just be careful to supervise babies and toddlers when reading these adapted books, as some items (e.g., pom poms, foam stickers) may present a choking hazard.
Story Boxes: If you aren’t familiar with the concept of story boxes, check out my “story boxes” overview post from June. The Paths to Literacy for Students Who are Blind or Visually Impaired website, run by Perkins, has a post about creating a Halloween story box for the book, “The Little Old Lady Who Was Not Afraid of Anything.” Other Halloween stories can also be paired with custom story boxes by collecting a variety of objects with multisensory components (e.g., tactile, auditory, even olfactory) pertaining to each story and encouraging children to explore these objects while listening to their corresponding stories.
Audiobooks: Audiobooks are another great way to make literacy activities accessible for children with disabilities, particularly children with vision impairments (or, as kids get older, children with print disabilities such as dyslexia). Sparkle Stories is a subscription-based original audiobook service designed for children; they offer some fall and Halloween-themed story options that may be appropriate for older preschoolers. Audible also offers some Halloween-themed stories.
Arts and Crafts/ Sensory: WonderBaby, by Perkins school for the Blind, has a great post about Halloween-themed sensory activities for children with vision impairments. I particularly like their “accessible coloring book” and “grow a pumpkin in a pumpkin” ideas! Most Halloween-themed sensory table/ bin ideas, such as those on this Halloween sensory activity list from Kids Play Box, can be easily adapted for children with motor disabilities using easy-grip scooping tools (e.g., the O-Ball scoop bath toy) and adapted seating/ positioning solutions (e.g., standers/ walkers, adaptive seats). Switch-adapted pouring cups, such as this adapted pouring cup from Enabling devices, can help children with disabilities to take a more active role in creating sensory/ slime activities. If making edible slime or playdough, using a Powerlink to switch-adapt a blender or food processor as described in my post about Environmental Control for Toddlers, could also help children with motor impairments to participate more actively in creating sensory materials. Pumpkin decorating traditions can also be made more inclusive for children with disabilities by encouraging children to paint the pumpkins with easy-grip paint rollers and sponges, use multisensory decorating materials like puff paint, glow paint, or tactile foam faces, use easy-scoop cups to help scoop out a pre-carved pumpkin, or use picture communication boards or communication devices to direct an adult in decorating the pumpkins.
Choosing a Costume: Low and high-tech picture choice boards can be used to allow children with complex communication needs to select their own costumes from an array of choices. Children’s sensory and mobility needs may also play a role in costume selection. The Mighty has an article about sensory-friendly Halloween costume solutions for children with sensory sensitivities/ sensory integration disorder. In addition, there are many excellent posts and Pinterest boards regarding building Halloween costumes that incorporate children’s wheelchairs or other mobility equipment. There is a non-profit called Magic Wheelchair that donates costumes to children over 5 who use wheelchairs, and there are many DIY resources for parents seeking to create their own costumes for their children who use mobility equipment, such as this “Wheelchair Halloween Costume Ideas” article from Parents Magazine.
Switch-Accessible Music and Decorations: Although in recent years many toys are being built with increasingly complicated internal switchboards and thus are more difficult to adapt for switch access, holiday decorations often continue to operate via a simple on-off switch with a single function. Many battery-operated decorations such as talking skeletons, string lights, or my light-up Halloween tree (pictures to come) can be adapted for use with a switch by inserting an inexpensive battery interrupter into the battery compartment. Simple decorations that plug into a wall outlet are often usable via a PowerLink or other switch control unit. In addition, cassette tape players or radios can be adapted via a PowerLink and used to play Halloween-themed music, or you can use a bluetooth switch, like the Blue2 Bluetooth switch from Ablenet, to adapt an iPhone or iPad for switch access and play Halloween music that way.
Communication While Trick-Or-Treating: Trick-or-treating often involves communicating with strangers, who may not be aware of the child’s communication needs. A sequential-message voice output device (such as Ablenet’s Step-by-Step with Levels) or multi-message voice output device (such as Attainment Company’s GoTalks) can be programmed with Halloween-related messages, (e.g., “Trick-or-Treat,” “I’m a dinosaur,” “Thank you!”), or a Halloween-specific communication board can be created within a communication app or printed and laminated for use as a low-tech AAC strategy.
Sharing About Halloween Experiences: In the days and weeks after Halloween, kids often want to talk to each other and their teachers about their experiences trick-or-treating, attending Halloween parties, or handing out candy. Messages related to kids’ Halloween experiences can be recorded on a single or sequential-message voice output device, or pages can be created within a personalized photo album (as described in my Personalized Photo Album post) to allow children to share about their holiday experiences.
Teal Pumpkin Project: Finally, though not directly related to assistive technology, I wanted to take this opportunity to talk about the Teal Pumpkin Project. The Teal Pumpkin Project is a movement run by Food Allergy Research and Education (FARE) to promote awareness of food allergies and the provision of allergen-free treats at Halloween. Since many children with disabilities may have very specific feeding needs or may not eat by mouth, many of the principles of the Teal Pumpkin Project (e.g., providing small toys to trick-or-treaters instead of or in addition to candy) may be applicable/ helpful.
I’m planning on adapting many of my own decorations for switch access and/ or use via electronic personal assistants (e.g., Amazon Alexa, Google Home) in the next week or so, so check back in for updates, and I hope you all have a happy Halloween!! 🙂